Spotted Knapweed or Star Thistle: Centaurea maculosa
|Weed Description: A biennial or occasionally perennial that forms a basal rosette during the first year of growth and produces a flowering stem during the second year. Spotted knapweed is primarily a weed of pastures, hayfields, roadsides, and sometimes turfgrass.|
|Seedling: Cotyledons round at the apex and narrowing to the base. The first true leaves are similar but narrow to a petiole.|
Leaves form a basal rosette during the first year of growth, are deeply
lobed, and are approximately 6 inches long. Leaves
that are produced on the flowering stems are alternate and finely dissected. Leaf surfaces often have inconspicuous short hairs
but leaf margins have more noticeable tough hairs.
Stems: Flowering stems are slender and wiry, branching, and covered with downy hairs.
flowers are produced at the ends of branches and are approximately 8 to 15 mm wide. Individual flowers are pink to purple in color and
have a cone of bracts below.
Fruit: An achene that is light green to brown in color and approximately 3 mm long by 2 mm wide.
|Identifying Characteristics: The finely dissected leaves and bracts below the pink to purple flowers help to distinguish this weed but this weed is commonly confused with both Cornflower (Centaurea cyanus) and corn cockle (Agrostemma githago). However, the rosette and flowering stem leaves of spotted knapweed are much more deeply lobed than those of cornflower or corn cockle. Additionally, the leaves of corn cockle are joined across the stem and the stems of this plant are swollen at the nodes, whereas neither of these characteristics occurs with cornflower or corn cockle.|