Dodder: Cuscuta spp.
|Weed Description: A yellowish to reddish-brown parasitic vine that
attaches on to host plants causing reductions in yield and/or fitness of desirable
species. Dodder is primarily a weed of
landscapes, nurseries, and cucurbit crops, but this weed can occasionally be found in
other agronomic crops like alfalfa.
Seedlings: Seedlings develop only for a short time until the stalks are able to attach to a host plant. Seedlings resemble mature plants and are yellowish to reddish-brown stems and no apparent leaves.
as scales that are rarely noticeable.
Stems: Twining, usually counterclockwise in direction, branching, and yellowish to reddish-brown in color.
Roots: Occur only for a short time until the plant is able to attach to a host.
Flowers: Occur in relatively inconspicuous clusters. Flowers are white or pink in color.
A round capsule that is approximately 3 mm long and contains 4 seeds.
Identifying Characteristics: The vining nature and yellowish to reddish-brown color of dodder makes this easy to distinguish from most other weeds, however several species of dodder occur throughout the United States.