Virginia Tech Weed Identification Guide

Doveweed: Murdannia nudiflora

doveweed4-30d.jpg (124570 bytes) Weed Description:  An annual weed that resembles a grass but has creeping stems that root at the nodes and purple or blue flowers.  Doveweed is primarily a weed of turfgrass that is now found in eastern Virginia, but is most common from North Carolina to Florida and west to Texas.
Leaves:  Leaves are fleshy and linear in outline, approximately 3/4 to 4 inches long, 2 to 5 mm wide.  Leaf sheaths have soft hairs on the upper margins. doveweed3-29.jpg (140745 bytes)
doveweed4-6.jpg (135284 bytes) Stems:  Stems are not readily evident, but upon closer examination, stems can be seen close to the ground and rooting at the nodes.

Roots:  A fibrous root system.

Flowers:  Flowers occur in small clusters on short flower stalks (peduncles).  Flowers are blue to purple in color with petals that are 5 to 8 mm long.

Fruit: A capsule that is 3 to 5 mm wide.

Identifying Characteristics:   Plants with fleshy, linear leaves that resemble some grasses.  Also, the creeping stems and small blue or purple flowers of this weed help to identify it from most other similar weeds.