Animation (draft) of the type IV secretion system assembly based on Ward et al. (2002). (3 MB mov) by Peter M. Sforza, Virginia Tech. December 2002.

Primary reference:

Doyle V. Ward, Olga Draper, John R. Zupan, and Patricia C. Zambryski. 2002. Peptide linkage mapping of the Agrobacterium tumefaciens vir-encoded type IV secretion system reveals protein subassemblies. PNAS 99: 11493-11500.

Constructive comments are encouraged.